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The Jehovah's Witness Outreach Project ("JWOP") originates, and is based in, the United States of America. We are not affiliated with the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society or any of its legal corporations. JWOP is not intended for the persecution, disparagement, harrassment, or mistreatment of Jehovah's Witnesses. Our site is a non-profit organization with the sole purposes of being a source of research and education for the general public about the Jehovah's Witness denomination so people can make informed decisions as to joining or leaving the denomination.

In our effort to educate the public as thoroughly as possible we have cited references from Jehovah's Witness literature throughout the site. Please be aware that all Jehovah's Witness literature is copyrighted, and therefore we have not posted any complete works of their literature anywhere on this site. However, we have cited numerous references from Jehovah's Witness literature to support what is written in this site; and we did quote a small percentage of the citations for the benefit of the readers, employing the "Fair Use" rules in order to do so.


All of the Watchtower Society's literature printed after 1923 is still under copyright as of 2012, and therefore we cannot provide direct quotes from their literature as freely as we'd like to. HOWEVER, in building this website we have chosen to make use of the “Fair Use” rules involved in copyright law in order to provide some quotes in the writing. According to the United States Copyright law website:

One of the rights accorded to the owner of copyright is the right to reproduce or to authorize others to reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords. This right is subject to certain limitations found in sections 107 through 118 of the copyright law (title 17, U. S. Code). One of the more important limitations is the doctrine of “fair use.” The doctrine of fair use has developed through a substantial number of court decisions over the years and has been codified in section 107 of the copyright law.

This is what section 107 of title 17 states (underline ours):

107: Limitations On Exclusive Rights: Fair Use

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include —

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

We believe we are working within these parameters:

  1. This website is not commercial in nature and we are not making any profit from it. We take in no money for this site, it is completely an out-of-pocket expense.

  2. The nature of the copyrighted work? Because the Watchtower Society publishes nearly all of its literature for the sole purpose of distributing it to the public, we assume that many people already have copies of these items from which this website quotes from.

  3. Substantiality of the portion used? We have chosen to quote only when absolutely necessary to drive a point home, and even then we quote only the bare minimum necessary to make the point.

  4. Effect on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work? Since the Jehovah's Witnesses do not actually sell the literature, then we do not see how this website can affect them in a financial way because Jehovah's Witnesses offer Watchtower Society publications only on a voluntary-donation basis. And, since readers will likely seek out Watchtower Society literature in order to verify the information given in this book, we imagine this has the potential to actually increase public demand for their literature.

What are the limitations on the amount of material that can be fairly used? As explained also on the United States Copyright Law website:

The distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission. Acknowledging the source of the copyrighted material does not substitute for obtaining permission.

The 1961 Report of the Register of Copyrights on the General Revision of the U.S. Copyright Law cites examples of activities that courts have regarded as fair use: “quotation of excerpts in a review or criticism for purposes of illustration or comment; quotation of short passages in a scholarly or technical work, for illustration or clarification of the author’s observations; use in a parody of some of the content of the work parodied; summary of an address or article, with brief quotations, in a news report; reproduction by a library of a portion of a work to replace part of a damaged copy; reproduction by a teacher or student of a small part of a work to illustrate a lesson; reproduction of a work in legislative or judicial proceedings or reports; incidental and fortuitous reproduction, in a newsreel or broadcast, of a work located in the scene of an event being reported.”

Copyright protects the particular way authors have expressed themselves. It does not extend to any ideas, systems, or factual information conveyed in a work.

When it is impracticable to obtain permission, use of copyrighted material should be avoided unless the doctrine of fair use would clearly apply to the situation.

Because fair use is a very subjective concept we are wary about overstepping it. Therefore, we have chosen to limit the direct quotes to only those in which it is imperative to show the gravity of the topic at hand. For all the other information in which we have not provided quotes, we have instead provided the exact reference information so that you, the reader, can verify the information for yourself.